Factors Affecting Learning
Learning is a process that leads towards permanent change in behaviour, skills, understanding, and values of a person due to training, practice and education. It brings some changes in behaviour and once a person has learned new things it will last forever with him.
Normally, learning is need directed. Learning is directly or indirectly related to organizational behaviour in terms of leadership ability, increasing competency, and motivation at work. Every organization needs to create new ideas, concepts, technologies, knowledge, strategies, understanding, behaviour, skill value, technologies, attitude, preferences, etc. to cope with the continuously changing environment of the organization.
Various factors affecting learning are as follows.
1) Sensation and Perception:
Learning is affected by two primary psychological factors i.e., sensation & perception. Sensation is the basis of perception. Human beings have 5 sense organs i.e., ears, tongue, skin, eyes and nose. These sense organs act as the receptors of human understanding. They usually help in the understanding of stimuli received from the environment.
The malfunctioning of any of these organs will surely have an overall effect on learning and eventually act as a barrier to the increase of a person’s knowledge. For example, there are many defects of eyesight such as hypermetropia, astigmatism, myopia, etc., which have a considerable effect on the human body and result in redness of the eyes, pain in the spinal cord, doubt and stress while studying, tension, headache, etc.
2) Fatigue and Boredom:
Fatigue is a mental or physical form of tiredness, but it has its effect on the overall efficiency and competency of work, whereas, boredom is a demotivation or deep disliking or hatred towards work. If such disliking keeps on arising in the person’s mind, the person might have a feeling of weariness or fatigue, but in reality, he may not be so tired. A person is more irritated by boredom as compared to fatigue.
Related Article:- Types of Motivation
3) Age and Maturation:
Age and adulthood have an exceptional impact on the process of learning. If the person is not in the right frame of mind or lacks intelligence, learning will not happen at all. Some learners can infuse information quickly into their minds while others might take time to learn the same.
Chronological age and mental age increase together, and when the person reaches the age of sixteen, it discontinues to develop further. So, intellectual adulthood is an increase in age, through which a person can apply the mind to solve difficult problems or tasks.
4) Emotional Conditions:
The speed and quality of the learning process can be increased when the responsive surroundings concerning them are favourable. Satisfaction, happiness, and joy are important for any type of learning, while adverse emotional conditions work as a barrier to the process of learning.
Many types of research have been done and it is a well-established fact that psychological disorders such as emotional anxiety, exertion, pressures, hindrances, etc., are not at all suitable for pursuing any approach that is theoretical in nature.
All human beings have different kinds of needs. The accomplishment of these needs results in the achievement of some purposes of life. After the ambitions are accomplished, the specific need is satisfied for a short time. Ultimately, an urge comes out from inside, and these tendencies occur again sooner or later and pave the way for further activities to get fulfilled.
There are some physiological needs in human beings such as the need for food, oxygen, air, shelter, water, etc. Some needs may be collective such as acceptance, love, recognition and self-interest, etc. The collective needs are entirely distinguishable from the physiological needs. Social needs normally come up after the fulfilment of physiological needs.
These needs normally have a complex structure and can have a far-reaching impact on the individual’s behaviour. The needs such as security, love, affection, and self-esteem, act as powerful physiological needs in the means of learning.
An interest is a person’s reason for choosing specific behaviour from among several alternatives. Activities in which the learner is interested to promote the process of learning.
The mental approach of the learner plays an important role and has a notable impact on the learning process. If the learner is enthusiastically prepared and possesses attention and interest towards the matter, which he ought to learn; the learner will certainly have a positive attitude about it.
This attitude will allow the learner to control the learning process thoroughly, with a relaxing state of mind and with a lot of efficiency.