Essay (Hindi & English) on Independence Day 2021: स्वतंत्रता दिवस पर निबंध
Essay 1( 300 words )
Independence Day is celebrated every year by the people of India on this day as a national holiday to remember India’s independence from the British Empire on 15 August 1947. On this day, tribute is paid to the great leaders of India under whose leadership the people of India became free forever.
On August 15, people celebrate in their own style, some make this day memorable with friends and families, while some dance by watching patriotic songs and films, as well as there, are many people who participate in many programs on this day. And publicize and disseminate the importance of Independence Day through various mediums.
On 15 August 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India after the attainment of independence, who addressed the Indians after hoisting the Indian flag at the Red Fort in Delhi. This practice was carried forward by the other Prime Ministers who came, where flag hoisting, parade, and cultural programs, etc. are organized every year on this day. Many people celebrate this festival by putting flags on their clothes, houses, and vehicles.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru declared India’s independence with his speech “Tryst with Destiny” on the midnight of 15 August 1947. At the same time, he said in his speech that, after years of slavery, this is the time when we will fulfill our resolve and put an end to our misfortune.
India is a country where crores of people of different religions, traditions, and cultures live together and celebrate this festival of Independence Day with full joy. On this day, as Indians, we should take pride and promise that we will always be full of patriotism and sincerity to defend our motherland from any kind of aggression or humiliation.
Essay 2(400 words)
Independence Day in India is an important day for all Indians because of getting independence from British rule. We are celebrating this day every year since 15th August 1947. India, which became independent by the sacrifice of thousands of patriots like Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Lala Lajpat Rai, Tilak, and Chandrashekhar Azad, is counted as the largest democracy in the world.
All Indians celebrate this festival of independence in their own way, such as decorating the place of celebration, watching movies, putting up the national flag on their homes, singing the national anthem and patriotic songs, and participating in many social activities. This festival of national pride is celebrated by the Government of India with great pomp. On this day the flag is hoisted at the Red Fort of Delhi by the current Prime Minister of India and after that to make this festival more special, the whole atmosphere is filled with patriotism with the parade by the Indian forces, presentation of tableaux of different states, and the tune of the national anthem. Yes, it rises.
In the states too, Independence Day is celebrated with the same enthusiasm in which the Governor and Chief Minister of the states are the chief guests. Some people get ready early in the morning and wait for the Prime Minister’s speech. Influenced by the history of Indian independence, some people watch films full of patriotism and participate in social programs on the day of 15th August.
Our freedom fighters got a lot of help due to Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence movement and got freedom from British rule after a long struggle of 200 years. The hard struggle for independence acted as a catalyst that made every Indian united, irrespective of religion, class, caste, culture, or tradition, for their rights against British rule. Even women like Aruna Asif Ali, Annie Besant, Kamala Nehru, Sarojini Naidu, and Vijay Lakshmi Pandit left the hearth and played an important role in the freedom struggle.
15th August 1947 is a date which has been written in golden letters in our history. One day when India became independent, the British were forced to leave India. If we got freedom from two hundred years of slavery, then the celebration had to be equally big and perhaps this is the reason why we still celebrate it with the same pomp.
Golden history of independence day
After British occupied India, we were slaves in our own country. Everything was ours like money, grain, land but now we did not have any right over anyone. They would charge arbitrary rent and cultivate whatever mind they want, such as cash crops like indigo. This was especially seen in Champaran, Bihar. Whenever we protested against him, we would get a bigger answer than that, like the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
There is no dearth of stories of Prataran and there is no dearth of courageous movements of our freedom fighters, it is the result of their tireless efforts that this is history for us today. The British looted us badly, an example of which is the Kohinoor, which today adorns the crown of their queen. But our cultural and historical heritage is still the most elite and perhaps this is the reason why even today in our country guests are worshiped like gods and whenever the British come to India we will continue to welcome them but remembering the history.
Contribution of Freedom Fighters
Our freedom fighters like Gandhiji, who have made an incomparable contribution in the struggle for freedom and were also the most popular. He taught everyone the lesson of truth, non-violence and it was non-violence that emerged as the biggest weapon and lit the lamp of hope in the life of the weakest of the weak. Gandhiji made strenuous efforts to remove many evil practices from the country and brought all sections together, due to which this fight became easier. It was the love of the people for him that people used to call him Bapu.
Everyone was protesting peacefully against the Simon Commission, but in the meantime, the British started lathi-charge and Lala Lajpat Rai died in it. Being hurt by this, Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev, Rajguru killed Saunders and in return, they were sentenced to death and they laughed and climbed on the throne.
In this freedom struggle, there are hundreds of such names like Subhash Jandar Bose, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mangal Pandey, Rani Laxmibai, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Rajendra Prasad, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, etc. whose contribution is incomparable.
The colorful festival of Independence
There are different ways of celebrating this festival in independent India. From a week ago, there is a lot of light in the markets, sometimes three colors of rangoli are sold, and somewhere three colors of lights. It is as if the whole body gets absorbed in these colors. There is an atmosphere of happiness everywhere, and somewhere there is the sound of patriotic songs. The whole country celebrates this festival by dancing and singing. People dance themselves and force others to dance as well. The whole country gets united in such a way that whether Hindu or Muslim, there is no difference.
As Independence Day is our national festival, a national holiday has been declared for this day, and schools, colleges, government offices are all closed. But it is the enthusiasm of the people who all come together to celebrate this day and every year with great gaiety, Independence Day celebrations are organized, tricolor is hoisted and sweets are distributed.
Independence Day: Important Historical Moments
One of the national festivals of India is Independence Day, a day when India became independent. To say that the British had left India, but this independence was necessary and different in many other ways. We were no longer slaves, neither physically nor mentally. We had got freedom in every field to speak, read, write, roam freely.
British arrival in India
It is a matter of those days when India was called the golden bird. The British came to India to trade in the 17th century when it was ruled by the Mughals. Gradually, on the pretext of trade, the British increased their military power and conquered many kings in the war by deceiving their territories. By the 18th century, establishing his supremacy in the name of the East India Company, he subjugated the areas around him.
India as a slave
We had realized that we had become slaves. We were now directly under the British Crown. Initially the British started imposing their things on us by educating us or on the basis of our development that then gradually he got involved in their behavior and they started ruling us.
The British tortured us physically and mentally. Many wars also took place during this period, the most prominent of which was the Second World War, for which the Indian army was forcibly recruited in bulk. Indians had no existence in their own country, the British also carried out massacres like Jallianwala Bagh, and Indians were left only as their slaves.
National Congress Party founded
In the midst of this conflicting atmosphere, the National Congress Party was founded by 64 people on 28 December 1885. In which Dadabhai Naoroji and AO Hume played an important role and gradually revolutionary activities started being carried out, people started taking part in the party.
In this sequence, the Indian Muslim League was also established. Many such parties came forward and due to their incomparable contribution, we got independence. For which many heroes were shot and many were hanged, many mothers cried in their wombs, and some young youths were unfortunate.
Communal Riots and Partition of India
In this way, the British left the country and went away and we also became free, but another war was yet to be seen, which was the communal attacks. Communal violence erupted as soon as independence was achieved, both Nehru and Jinnah were to become prime ministers, resulting in the partition of the country.
A Hindu and a Muslim nation were established by the name of India and Pakistan. Gandhiji’s presence reduced these attacks, yet the death toll was in lakhs. On one side there was an atmosphere of freedom and on the other side, there was a scene of the massacre. The country was partitioned and 14 August was declared as the Independence Day of Pakistan and 15 August for India respectively.
Free India and Independence Day
Every year after independence and partition, we celebrate Independence Day by remembering our immortal brave soldiers and innocent people killed in the riots. There is no definite count of immortal jawans, as it included everyone from children to old people.
When the whole country was united, then this dream came true. Yes, there were some prominent patriots who cannot be ignored like Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Raj Guru who got hanged, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Subhash Chandra Bose, etc. Women were also not behind in this work, such as Annie Besant, Sarojini Naidu, and many others.
Meaning of Independence Day in the new era
The preparations for the Independence Day celebrations are done with great enthusiasm, every year our honorable Prime Minister hoists the tricolor from the ramparts of the Red Fort. After that some patriotic programs are presented along with the national anthem and his speech, which we can enjoy by presenting there or from the live broadcast of there sitting at home.
Every year the chief guest of this program is called from another country. Independence Day is our national festival and on this occasion, all the schools, colleges, offices are all closed. This is such a festival that the whole country celebrates in unison, just everyone’s style is different. Some wear new clothes and some celebrate this day by listening to patriotic songs.
This festival reminds us not to forget the history along with the sacrifice of the immortal heroes so that no one is given a chance to rule again on the pretext of business, and today’s young generation is introduced to their glorious history. Even though everyone has different ways of celebrating Independence Day, the purpose is the same. Together they all live for the country one day, eat delicious food and wish their friends a happy birthday.
Essay 5 (1000 words)
August 15 is a very special day for our Indian democracy and Indians. On this day we got freedom from British rule, after almost 200 years, our country got complete independence on 15th August 1947 from the tyranny and slavery of the British. It is a very special and golden day for Indians, and we all together celebrate this day of independence with great enthusiasm and pomp. Today, 74 years have passed since the independence of our country, but even today, remembering those moments of independence, our eyes become moist.
British arrival in India
About 400 years ago from today, the East India Company of the British came to India for the purpose of doing business in India. In those days Pakistan and Bangladesh were part of India. The British began to examine the poverty, helplessness, and weaknesses of the people here along with their business and started taking advantage of their compulsions.
The British gradually took advantage of the compulsions of the Indians and started torturing them by making them slaves, and mainly they used to bury the poor and helpless people under their debt. On not repaying the debt, they made them their slaves and started doing arbitrary work and atrocities on them. One by one, he went on subjugating the states and their kings and took control of almost the whole of India.
Atrocities on Indians
During the British occupation of India, they started committing arbitrary atrocities on the people, such as collecting rent, capturing their fields and grains, etc. Because of this, the people here had to bear a lot of their atrocities. When they opposed this tyranny, they were gunned down, as happened in the Jallianwala incident.
Indian anger against British rule
The attitude of the British towards Indians and their tyranny was increasing day by day and the anger and revenge of the Indians towards them was also increasing. The fire of this barbaric attitude of the British was first seen in the form of Mangal Pandey’s rebellion in 1857. Due to this rebellion of Mangal Pandey, he was killed, due to which the anger towards the British increased, and new movements started to emerge.
Demand for freedom
Anger among the people about the increasing tyranny of the British and the demand for their freedom started coming to the fore. Due to which many agitations and incidents of clashes against the British government continued to increase. Mangal Pandey first demanded independence by protesting in 1857, and because of this he had to lose his life. Gradually, the voices of demand for independence from the tyranny of the British started coming from other parts of India as well.
Important Contribution of Freedom Fighters for Freedom
Many freedom fighters have sacrificed their lives to get India freedom from the tyranny of the British, the most incomparable contribution among them has been Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji forced the British rule, ruling India for almost 200 years, to be defeated by two weapons like truth and non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi made truth and non-violence as his weapon and also inspired people and asked people to adopt it and fight against the tyranny of the British. The people of the country gave him full support and participated enthusiastically in freedom. People used to call him Bapu with love and respect.
Contribution of some other freedom fighters in freedom
Although the whole of India contributed something in its own way in the struggle for independence, but there were some people who, by showing their leadership, strategy, and skills, contributed to freedom.
Many other freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Bal Gangadhar Tilak fought with the people and fought against the British. Some continued their fight mainly by adopting truth and non-violence. On the other hand, there were some freedom fighters who took the path of violence against the British rule, who was named a revolutionary. These revolutionaries kept fighting the fight against the British mainly by joining any organization. Mainly there were many such revolutionaries like Mangal Pandey, Chandrashekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, etc., who contributed in their own way to independence.
Everyone’s unshakable strong power and independence efforts shook the British rule and forced the British to leave India on 15 August 1947. We celebrate this historic day as Independence Day.
After the tireless efforts and sacrifices of our freedom fighters and people, we got freedom from the tyranny and slavery of the British on 15th August 1947, since then we celebrate this historic day as the festival of independence. This national festival of independence is celebrated in every nook and corner of the country. Its celebration can be seen in all government, private institutions, schools, offices, and markets.
This celebration of the independence ceremony is the unfurling of the national flag tricolor by the Prime Minister of India at the Red Fort in Delhi and many other cultural programs are also organized. On this day everyone celebrates by drowning in the atmosphere of patriotism.
August 15 is known as a historic national day, and we celebrate this day every year as the day of independence. Its glory can be seen in all government institutions, schools, and markets, and the freedom fighters of our country are remembered. Only patriotic voices are heard everywhere, we meet other peoples to congratulate them for independence and make them sweet.
Essay in Hindi (500 words)
भारतीय इतिहास में सबसे यादगार दिनों में से एक 15 अगस्त है। यह वह दिन है जिस दिन भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप को लंबे संघर्ष के बाद आजादी मिली थी। भारत में केवल तीन राष्ट्रीय त्यौहार हैं जिन्हें पूरे देश द्वारा एक के रूप में मनाया जाता है। एक स्वतंत्रता दिवस (15 अगस्त) और अन्य दो गणतंत्र दिवस (26 जनवरी) और गांधी जयंती (2 अक्टूबर) हैं। आजादी के बाद भारत दुनिया का सबसे बड़ा लोकतंत्र बन गया। अंग्रेजों से आजादी पाने के लिए हमने बहुत संघर्ष किया। स्वतंत्रता दिवस पर इस निबंध में हम स्वतंत्रता दिवस के इतिहास और महत्व पर चर्चा करने जा रहे हैं।
हमारे स्वतंत्रता दिवस का इतिहास
लगभग दो शताब्दियों तक अंग्रेजों ने हम पर शासन किया। और देश के नागरिक को इन उत्पीड़कों के कारण बहुत नुकसान हुआ। ब्रिटिश अधिकारी हमारे साथ गुलामों की तरह व्यवहार करते हैं जब तक कि हम उनके खिलाफ लड़ने का प्रबंधन नहीं करते।
हमने अपनी स्वतंत्रता के लिए संघर्ष किया लेकिन अपने नेताओं जवाहर लाल नेहरू, सुभाष चंद्र बोस, महात्मा गांधी, चंद्रशेखर आजाद और भगत सिंह के मार्गदर्शन में अथक और निस्वार्थ भाव से काम किया। इनमें से कुछ नेता हिंसा का रास्ता चुनते हैं तो कुछ अहिंसा का। लेकिन इनका अंतिम उद्देश्य अंग्रेजों को देश से खदेड़ना था। और 15 अगस्त 1947 को लंबे समय से प्रतीक्षित सपना साकार हुआ।
हम स्वतंत्रता दिवस क्यों मनाते हैं?
इस पल को फिर से जीने और स्वतंत्रता और स्वतंत्रता की भावना का आनंद लेने के लिए हम स्वतंत्रता दिवस मनाते हैं। एक और कारण इस संघर्ष में हमने जो बलिदान और जीवन गंवाए हैं, उन्हें याद करना है। इसके अलावा, हमने इसे यह याद दिलाने के लिए मनाया कि हम जिस स्वतंत्रता का आनंद लेते हैं, वह कठिन तरीके से अर्जित की जाती है।
इसके अलावा उत्सव हमारे अंदर के देशभक्त को जगाता है। उत्सव के साथ-साथ युवा पीढ़ी उस समय के लोगों के संघर्षों से परिचित होती है।
स्वतंत्रता दिवस पर गतिविधियां
हालाँकि यह एक राष्ट्रीय अवकाश है, लेकिन देश के लोग इसे बहुत उत्साह के साथ मनाते हैं। स्कूल, कार्यालय, सोसायटी और कॉलेज इस दिन को विभिन्न छोटे और बड़े कार्यक्रमों का आयोजन करके मनाते हैं।
लाल किले पर हर साल भारत के प्रधान मंत्री राष्ट्रीय ध्वज की मेजबानी करते हैं। इस अवसर के सम्मान में, 21 गोलियां चलाई जाती हैं। यह मुख्य आयोजन की भीख है। इस घटना के बाद बाद में एक सेना परेड होती है।
स्कूल और कॉलेज सांस्कृतिक कार्यक्रम, फैंसी ड्रेस प्रतियोगिता, भाषण, वाद-विवाद और प्रश्नोत्तरी प्रतियोगिता का आयोजन करते हैं।
स्वतंत्रता दिवस का महत्व
भारत की आजादी के बारे में हर भारतीय का अलग-अलग नजरिया है। कुछ के लिए, यह लंबे संघर्ष की याद दिलाता है जबकि युवाओं के लिए यह देश के गौरव और सम्मान का प्रतीक है। इन सबसे ऊपर हम देश भर में देशभक्ति की भावना देख सकते हैं।
भारतीय स्वतंत्रता दिवस पूरे देश में राष्ट्रवाद और देशभक्ति की भावना के साथ मनाते हैं। इस दिन प्रत्येक नागरिक लोगों की विविधता और एकता में उत्सव की भावना और गर्व के साथ गूँजता है। यह न केवल स्वतंत्रता का उत्सव है बल्कि देश की विविधता में एकता का भी उत्सव है।