Organisational behaviour


Table of Content:-

Meaning and Definition of Organisational Behaviour

What is OB?

Organisational Behaviour Meaning – OB

Meaning of OB: An organisation is termed a social system because it consists of many interconnected sub-systems. If a person wants to be a part of the organisation or control the mechanism of an organisation, he needs to understand the working of an organisation. 

Concept of organisational behaviour: An organisation integrates both science and people together i.e., it links technology with people. This is because technology cannot create expected outcomes in absence of capable employees. The behaviour of employees in organisations is quite unexpected because it results from their inherent desires and principles. But to some extent, it can be understood in the context of management, behavioural science, and other disciplines.

Meaning of Organisational Behaviour

The term ‘Organizational Behavior’ is an amalgam of two separate words: Organizational and Behavior. The word ‘organizational’ is derived from the term ‘Organization’ which means ‘relating to an organization.’ So, to understand ‘Organizational Behavior’ we have to discuss these two terms individually.

Organization Meaning

Organization: The word ‘organization’ is a term that can be used in many ways. Some people define it as an essential activity of management while others simply define it as a process. There is another viewpoint describing ‘organization’ as a system. It means that we cannot present an all-extensive definition of organization.

 Organization Definition

“Organization is the form of every human association for the attainment of a common purpose”.  -Mooney and Riley

 “Organization is a pattern of how a large number of people, too many to have intimate face-to-face contact with all others, and engaged in a complexity of tasks, systematic establishment, relate themselves to each other in the conscious, and accomplishment of mutually agreed purposes.” -Pfeiffer and Sherwood

The organization is “the rational coordination of the activity of several people for the achievement of some common explicit purpose or goal, through division of labour and function, and through a hierarchy of authority and responsibility.” -Scheim E. H.

Behaviour Meaning

Behaviour: The second word is ‘behaviour’. Behaviour is a way of action. In other words, behaviour is what an individual does. More precisely, behaviour can be described as the observable and measurable activity of human beings. It may include anything like decision making, communication with the boss, handling of the machine, reaction or response to an order or instruction, etc. 

Behaviour is fundamentally goal-oriented. Our behaviour is commonly motivated by a desire to achieve a goal. The specific goal or motive may not be always consciously known to the person. But it is always there. A particular behaviour is caused by certain reasons. The reasons may be internal feelings (motivation) and the external environment (stimulus). A stimulus is an agent that directly affects the activity of a person.

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Define Organisational Behaviour

Organisational behaviour is the field of study devoted to understanding and utilization of information about the behaviour of individuals and groups in an organisation.

Organisational behaviour also helps explain the relationship between people and organisations in terms of the individual, group, organisation, and the entire system. The goal is to accomplish human, organisational, and social objectives by building better relationships inside the organisation.

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 Organisational Behaviour Definition – OB

OB Definition: Organisational behaviour can be defined as the arrangement, working, performance, and conduct of people and groups in an organisation. In short, the evaluation of people within an organisational setup is called organisational behaviour. It includes motivation, examination, forecasting, attitude, and management of human behaviour.

Organisational Behaviour Definition

According to Keith Davis, “Organisational Behaviour is the study and application of knowledge about human behaviour in organizations as it relates to other systems or elements, such as structure, technology, and external social system”.

According to Sherman Krupp, “Organisational behaviour deals with a micro aspect of the organization, i.e, individual and group behaviour in the organization”.

Definition of ob: OB guides and directs the management on how to achieve the organisational goals effectively by giving importance to human factors. 

Organisational Behavior definition: Organizational behaviour is the study of ‘human behaviour’ within organizations. In general terms, organizational behaviour refers to the study of the behaviour of individuals working in an organization. Organizational behaviour studies the ‘what’ and ‘why’ individuals do in the organization and how their behaviour affects the work of the organization. 

In fact, three types of human behaviour can be seen in an organization:-

1. Intrapersonal Behavior – Intrapersonal behaviour is the behaviour of the employees which is manifested as a result of their personality, tendencies, perception, motivation, expectation, and internal feelings.

2. Interpersonal Behavior – The behaviour resulting from the interactions between two persons or more than two persons (groups) is called interpersonal behaviour. This behaviour manifests itself in the form of group dynamics, intergroup conflict, leadership, communication, etc.

3. Organizational Behavior – It includes the formal structures of the organization and the behaviour of informal groups. In organizational behaviour, all three types of behaviour and its effects and effects on the internal and external environment of the organization are observed, studied, and controlled.

The conclusion is that organizational behaviour is concerned with the study of the interaction of individual individuals and groups in organizations, the interaction of the organization structure, techniques, and characteristics of the environment. 

Organizational Behavior is concerned with the study of the behaviour of individuals and groups in the organization and its effects on the organization and to predict and control their future behaviour from the information obtained from it.

Thus, organisational behaviour is the study of the behaviour of individuals, groups, and various components of the organization working in the organization and the effects arising out of them and their interactions with the environment so that this knowledge can make the organization effective and purposeful.

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Objectives of Organisational Behaviour

Man is a unique and alert social animal. At present, the behaviour of human beings in all government and non-government organizations and the increasing complexity of the organization remains the centre of attention of the managers. 

Organizations are social systems of achieving goals through human efforts and collective actions. Organisational work structure is a mixture of work relationships, technology, and human behaviour. 

Understanding human behaviour is very important in all types of organisations. ‘Organizational Behavior’ discusses this topic. This new field of knowledge is basically concerned with the systematic study of the behaviour of individuals in the organisation.

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Various factors that affect individual behaviour in organisational behaviour can be classified into the following categories: –

1. Personal Factors

2. Environmental Factors

3. Organizational Factors


 1. What is organisational behaviour definition?

 2. Explain organisational behavior meaning.

3. Explain the meaning of organisational behaviour.

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