Table of Contents:-
- objectives of compensation management
- compensation in hrm
- compensation management in hrm
- Elements of Compensation Management
- Importance of compensation management
- Nature of Compensation Management
- Compensation Management Definition
Objectives of Compensation Management
The primary objectives of compensation management are to attract, retain, and motivate talented employees while ensuring transparency and equity in the distribution of rewards. Compensation management is an important function in an organization which plays a major role in driving employee engagement, job satisfaction, and overall success.
Objectives of compensation management are as follows:
- To Attract and Retain Employees
- To Motivate Employees
- To Optimise Cost
- To Achieve Consistency
Compensation management strives to achieve the following objectives:
1) To Attract and Retain Employees: One of the key objectives of compensation management is to attract and retain talented employees. Premium wages can be a powerful tool for recruiting employees from competitor organizations. Finally, a payment system should be as per the demand and supply of labour in the market.
2) To Motivate Employees: Compensation management motivates employees to work hard to improve their productivity as well as that of the organisation.
3) To Optimise Cost: Compensation management should establish a proper relationship between performance and compensation. High wages alone don’t guarantee improved performance in an organization’s employees.
4) To Achieve Consistency: It aims to maintain both internal and external equity when compensating employees. Achieving internal equity is possible by aligning payments with job specifications and employee job performance. The achievement of external equity is based on the consistency of payments for similar jobs across all organizations. Compensation management also aims to minimize differences in compensation for a particular job compared to other organizations.
Meaning of Compensation in hrm
Compensation management refers to payment systems which determine employees. In a nutshell, wages or salary, direct and indirect rewards.
Compensation refers to the remuneration that an employee obtains in return for his services to the organization. Compensation is a broad term that includes everything an employee acquires in return for his work such as salaries, benefits, allowances, wages and services. Benefits and compensation in HRM refer to the salary, financial, and as well as non-financial benefits provided to the employees at the workplace by the organization.
Meaning of Compensation Management in hrm
Previously, compensation management focused on designing, maintaining, and sustaining a pay structure. In the modern era, compensation management encompasses a range of activities, including job evaluation, market rate analysis, job analysis, pay structure, job design and maintenance. Compensation management now refers to an organization’s efforts to maintain a competitive compensation structure, taking into account local labour market conditions and the present and future financial resources of the organization.
Compensation Management Definition
According to Tapomoy Deb, “Compensation management is a system of compensating individuals for the work they perform in such a way that the organisation can attract, retain, and motivate them to perform well keeping in view organisational and market factors”.
Compensation Definition in hrm
According to Dale Yoder, – “Compensation and benefits simply mean paying people for completing the task allocated to them.”
According to Cascio, – “The term compensation signifies paying the direct cash amounts or an indirect amount via providing benefits to employees to strive for higher productivity in the organization.”
Nature of Compensation Management
The Nature of Compensation Management revolves around the systematic and planned approach to creating and maintaining a just and competitive compensation framework. This framework is designed to not only attract but also to motivate and retain skilled and dedicated employees. It’s the embodiment of an organization’s commitment to ensure that its workforce is satisfactorily rewarded, in a manner that harmonizes with the overarching goals and objectives of the company.
The nature of compensation management includes:
- An integral part of HRM
- Challenging Function
- Dynamic Discipline
- Wide Application
- Strategic Tool
1) Integral part of HRM: It is essential for the entire human resource of the organisation. Thus, it has become an integral part of human resource management as it plays a significant role in the proper functioning of HRM.
2) Challenging Function: Compensation management has a great impact on the objectives established by the organisation. Therefore, it is considered to be one of the most challenging functions of human resource management.
3) Dynamic Discipline: Compensation management is known as a dynamic discipline because it is not only affected by individual factors but business and environmental factors also influence it to a large extent.
4) Wide Application: Compensation management is not only related to paying the employees but also focuses on motivating them. It also supervises the functions of recruitment, budgeting, monetary forecasting, improving human relationships, computer operations, tax-related laws, etc.
5) Strategic Tool: It serves as a strategic tool, which increases the competitive level of an organisation and prepares it for the stiff competition taking place in today’s global industries.
Elements of Compensation Management
Major elements of compensation management are given below:
1) Job Analysis
Job analysis is the first step taken by the management in the compensation management process. It includes identifying the nature of the job, duties and responsibilities performed by employees, their accountability towards the organisation, their performance, etc. In simple terms, the characteristics of the job form the basis for the compensation management process.
2) Job Evaluation
The next step in the process of compensation management is the evaluation of different jobs in the organisation. It is the job evaluation that determines the worth of the job. The nature of the work and skills and duties required for a particular job forms the basis for job evaluation. In the job evaluation method, the worth of each job is assessed using various methods such as ranking, grading, paired comparison, factor comparison, etc. These evaluation methods are carried out without any biasness to identify the salary structure of various jobs.
3) Developing the Pay Structure
The pay structure depicts what an organisation pays to each employee. Organisations can opt for narrow-graded and broad-graded pay structures based on the significance and difficulty level of the job.
4) Wages and Salary Survey
Before setting up a pay scale, the organisation must consider external equity. For this, organisations use the wage and salary survey method. With the help of the wage and salary survey methods, organisations try to gather information from the labour market about the salary given to employees of the same level or performing the same job in a similar industry.
Besides this, information is related to the current wage rate, cost of living, and rates during inflation and deflation. periods, etc., can also be gathered through the labour market. There are two types of survey methods, either the organisation can go to the labour market and conduct the survey or it can purchase the surveys conducted by professional organisations.
5) Job Pricing
Determining pay rates for different jobs in the organisation is known as job pricing. The job evaluation process and wage and salary survey process form the basis for determining the job prices. Before deciding the salary of the employee, the internal worth and external worth of the job should be compared.
While finalising the job prices, the organisation should ensure two things, viz.,
i) Appropriate salary is given to the employees according to the value of the job, and
ii) The efficient performers of the organisation should be rewarded for their excellent performance.
6) Compensation Revision and Control
Since compensation of employees is an expense for organisations and has a great impact on the organisational goals and objectives, thus, a proper and effective method should be employed such as budgeting, performance appraisal, compa-ratio method, etc., to determine the cost incurred on the human resource of the organisation and the effectiveness of compensation management.
Among all these methods, budgeting is the most effective method which helps in setting standards to evaluate the expenses incurred in the form of compensation. This method facilitates regulating the financial outflow and aids in HR cost controlling and monitoring.
Importance of compensation management
The importance of compensation management is as follows:
1) It is important to align employee efforts with the aims and objectives of the organisation.
2) It helps in creating and developing a competent and motivated workforce to achieve the set goals and targets of the organisation.
3) It helps to build a positive image of the organisation in society.
4) It eradicates social problems like bribery and theft. This is because if the employees get a sufficient salary to sustain their lives, they are less likely to engage in such criminal activities.
5) It increases job satisfaction in employees and also enhances their commitment level and loyalty.
6) It helps in improving organisational productivity.
7) It aids the organisation to comply with the existing rules and regulations set by the government regarding compensation.