Factors Affecting Recruitment

Recruitment is mainly affected by the two factors. 
1) External Factors 
2) Internal Factors 
Factors affecting recruitment are as follows:

1) External Factors 
These factors or forces are these factors that cannot be controlled by the organisation.

A variety of external factors which affect recruitment are as follows: 

External factors affecting recruitment are given below:


Related Article: Product Life Cycle

i) Supply and Demand: 

A significant factor in the recruitment process is the manpower supply, both inside and outside the organisation. If the demand for professionals in the company is more and the supply of professionals in the market is low, then the company will have to rely on internal sources for training and developing employees.


ii) Unemployment Rate: 
Growth of the economy is another factor that affects the availability of applicants, lack of jobs in the company and surplus labour in the market can give rise to a situation of unemployment.

iii) Labour Market: 
Employment conditions in the area where the organisation is situated affect the recruiting activities of the organisation. Ordinary attempts like displaying job vacancies on notice boards or announcements in the official meetings, etc., will attract more than the needed candidates in case of excessive manpower at recruitment time.

iv) Image/Goodwill: 
An employer’s image can also act as a hindrance to recruitment. The activities of the organisation are the basis for building an organisational image. It becomes easier to attract and retain employees for an organisation if it has a positive image and goodwill as an employer than an organisation with a negative image.

v) Political-Social-Legal Environment: 
Recruitment practices are directly influenced by various government regulations which keep out favouritism in hiring and employment. 
For example, legislation for reservation in employment for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, physically handicapped, etc. has been introduced by the government of India. 
In addition, trade unions play a significant role in recruitment. This hampers the management’s freedom to choose potential candidates. Recruitment sources can be limited by the union’s regulations if the candidate does not fulfil the criteria set by the union.

vi) Competitors: 
The recruitment function is also influenced by the recruitment policies of the competitors. Generally, organisations change their recruitment policies to match up with the competitor’s policies, so that they can compete in the market.

2) Internal Factors 
The factors that can be regulated by the organisation itself are called internal factors.

There are various internal factors in the organisation which influence the recruitment programme:

i) Human Resource Planning: 
How many employees are to be recruited and what qualifications they should have is decided with the help of effective human resource planning.

ii) Recruitment Policy: 
The aims of recruitment are stated in the recruitment policy of the organisation. It also gives an outline for the execution of the recruitment programme. 
iii) Size of Firm: 
Another vital factor that affects the process of recruitment is the size of the organisation. If the organisation is planning to increase its operations and expand its business, it will plan for hiring more employees to carry out its functions. 
iv) Cost: 
Recruitment expenses are borne by the employer, therefore, organisations try to make use of that source of recruitment which gives more output at less cost.
Factors Affecting Recruitment

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