Functions, Skills, and Responsibilities of Managers
There is no basic difference between managers, executives, administrators, and supervisors. To be sure, a given position can vary greatly between different levels in an organization or different types of enterprises. Likewise, the scope of the authority held can vary and the types of problems can vary greatly.
Responsibilities of a Manager
The Responsibilities and Duties of a manager are described as follows:
1. Daily Operations: The primary function of a manager is to see the daily functioning of a department or group of employees.
2. Staffing: Top management expects their managers to recruit, hire, and train new employees.
3. Set Goals: A manager sets both short and long-term goals to ensure the longevity of the company.
4. Liaison: Although a manager usually oversees a group of employees, managers also effectively communicate with their bosses and pass the necessary information to various company parties.
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5. Administration: Managers carry out administrative tasks and correspond with other departments.
6. Delegation: Effective managers have the confidence to delegate tasks according to the needs of their employees and the department.
7. Motivate: As a leader, a manager motivates employees and creates an environment where employees thrive.
8. Enforcement Policy: Managers enforce company policy to be implemented in an environment that makes employees accountable to one another for their actions.
9. Training: If new technologies or systems are brought into the business, employers turn to managers to train employees.
10. Evaluation: To encourage satisfactory work, managers evaluate facts, data, figures, and employee performance.
Skills of a Manager
The skills and roles of a manager in an organizational hierarchy are as follows:
Following are the managerial skills:
(i) Technical Skills:
Technical skill is the knowledge and proficiency in activities, processes, methods, and procedures. Thus, it involves working with tools and special techniques. For example, mechanics work with tools, and their boss should have the ability to teach them how to use these tools. Similarly, accountants apply exclusive techniques in doing their tasks.
(ii) Human Resource Skills:
It is the ability to work with people, cooperative effort, and teamwork, It is the creation of an atmosphere in which people feel safe and can freely express their opinions.
(iii) Conceptual Skills:
It is the ability to see the ‘big picture’ to recognize the important elements in a situation and understand the relationships between the elements.
(iv) Designing Skills:
It is the ability to solve problems in such a way that will benefit the company. To be effective, especially at top organizational levels, managers must be able to do more than just look at a problem. They should, moreover, have the skills of a good design engineer to work out a practical solution to a problem.
To be a successful business manager, think of sharpening the following skills:
1. Coaching: In the business world, managers coach and develop employees to help them perform their work more efficiently.
2. Organization: Although departments vary in size, managers are responsible for the performance of other employees and departments, which means that managers maintain an organized work environment.
3. Budget development: Many managers overlook business finances, which means that managers have budget-making skills.
4. Handling Pressure: The business world is often competitive and involves high pressure, so an effective manager handles that pressure and thrives in a high-stakes business environment.
5. Adaptation: The business sector is constantly changing, and managers are adapting to alternative technologies, management structures, and forms of communication.
6. Initiative: Managers don’t always wait for their superiors to give direction. Instead, they take the initiative and start projects when necessary.
7. Collaboration: The best ideas are often created during collaborative efforts, which means that managers take the time to work with their employees, other managers, and their superiors.
8. Project Management: To ensure success, managers supervise each phase of the project and intervene when required.
Strategic Tips for New Managers
The following strategic tips can help new managers adapt to their work environment:
1. Develop an ethos: A manager needs to establish and maintain the desired professional ethos in the new workplace.
2. Confidence: Starting a job with confidence provides a manager with the necessary authority to manage a new set of employees.
3. Interpersonal Relationships: To gain the trust of the employees, managers try to develop interpersonal relationships.
4. Stress Management: Starting with a new position is difficult, so managers must practise stress management.
5. Transition Gradually: Instead of drastic changes in the management system once hired, a smart manager observes the work environment and gradually changes to the desired management style.
Roles and responsibilities of a manager
The roles and responsibilities of a manager are explained as follows :
- Dealing with performance problems and termination.
- Coaching and developing existing employees.
- Training new employees.
- Translating corporate goals into functional goals and individual goals.
- Monitoring performance and initiating action to strengthen results.
- Monitoring and controlling expenses and budgets.
- Planning and goal setting for future periods.
- Conducting timely performance evaluations.
- Supporting problem resolution and decision making.
- Hiring and Staffing.
- Product designing.
- Purchasing equipment for production.
- Planning the geographical location of the organization.
- The layout of equipment within an organization.
- Capacity planning.
- To maintain contact with the outside world.
- To provide safety and security to consumers’ trust in the organization.
- To find new and creative solutions to the problems faced by an organization.
- To motivate and inspire employees to work towards the goal of an organization.
- Supporting problem resolution and decision making.
- To ensure effective and proper utilization of resources to reduce wastage.
- Production planning and scheduling.
- To provide a legal, safe and secure work environment.
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