Meaning and Definition of Recruitment




Meaning of Recruitment 




Recruitment can be defined as the process of finding out prospective candidates for filling actual or projected in an organisation. Recruitment enables the organisation to obtain the number and types of people required for its continuous work. 
Normally, it is an effort to gain the interest of the candidates looking for jobs, find the candidates interested in the job and create a group of potential employees, with the help of which the management can choose the suitable person for the job.


What is the meaning of recruitment?


Recruitment Meaning: The process of recruitment is one of the most significant aspects of operating a business successfully. The quality of the workers determines the performance of an organisation, and therefore, individuals who effectively manage all the functions of the organisation are more suitable for it. 
Even though changes can be brought in some incompetent employees by training and rigorous supervision, recruitment of capable and passionate people is undoubtedly preferred. 
By appointing the right person in the right position, a great amount of time, energy, and money can be saved. Therefore, a manager must recruit high-quality employees to fulfil organisational needs.




Definition of Recruitment




According to Edwin B. Flippo, “Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organisation“.




According to Barber, “Recruitment includes those practices and activities carried out by the organisation with the primary purpose of identifying and attracting potential employees”.




According to Dale Yoder, “Recruitment is a process to discover the sources of manpower to meet the requirements of the staffing schedule and to employ effective measures for attracting that manpower in adequate numbers to facilitate effective selection of an efficient working force”.


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Features of Recruitment 




Some significant features of recruitment are as follows:




1) Positive Function: Recruitment is considered to be a positive function as it creates a pool of qualified candidates from which the most appropriate candidates can be chosen.




2) Continuous Process: It is a managerial and ongoing process as it does not involve a single activity but a series of activities.


3) Linking Activity: It brings together the employer and the employees and hence is considered to be a linking activity.


4) Pervasive Function: Recruitment is an activity that takes place in every organisation, therefore is a pervasive function, however, its volume and nature differ according to the type and size of the organisation.


5) Two-Way Process: It is a two-way process that involves a recruiter and a recruitee. Both of them have their own choices, the recruiter can choose whom to select and the recruitee has the choice of selecting the organisation in which he wants to work. 
6) Complex Job: It is a complicated process as many factors may restrict the freedom of management during the recruitment process.


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