Johari Window

 Meaning, Advantages and Limitations of Johari Window Model

Johari Window Meaning: The Johari Window, which was named after the first names of its inventors, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham, is one of the most useful models describing the process of human interaction. Joseph Luft, by employing the “Johari Window” offers a rather unique approach to the study of individual behaviour. He maintains that to understand our own behaviour we must examine it “about others”. The Johari window model helps people to understand and improve interpersonal communication and relationship. According to this model, interpersonal effectiveness is directly related to the amount of mutually shared information or congruence. The larger this area becomes, the more effective the communication will be.


Quadrants of Johari Window 

The Johari window model is made up of four different quadrants (as shown in the figure ) that together represent a total person about others based on awareness of behaviour, fasting and motivation. The Johari window quadrants are described below:

Four quadrants of Johari window are given below:

1) Open Self: The open quadrant is quadrant 1 of the Johari window it refers to states about an individual such as behaviours feelings and motives that he knows and is willing to share with others. Sometimes, in a relationship, the individual is straightforward, open and sharing It is clear to both what he is doing, how do is feeling and what his motives are.

2) Blind Self: The blind self is quadrant 2 of the Johari window. It reflects behaviour, feelings and motivation known to other parties but not to self in other words, in this form of interaction, the individual knows about others but not about himself or herself The individual irritates others unintentionally Although the latter could tell the former about this aspect, they may be afraid of hurting his or her feelings. 

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3) Hidden Self: The hidden quadrant refers to states about the individual known to him or her but not known to others. This is personal and only the individual concerned knows what is happening. The hidden self is within the vision of the person but he does not want to share it with others. People learn to hide many feelings and ideas right from their childhood.

4) Unknown Self: The unknown quadrant refers to states that neither the individual nor other people know about him. The unknown self is mysterious. Many times, motives and feelings go very deep and no one, including the person concerned, knows about these People often experience these parts of life in dreams or in deep-rooted fears or compulsions. These motives act,  and feelings, remain unclear and vague to people until they allow them to surface.

The process that impacts the shape of the Johari Window is the feedback. This is the extent to which others are willing to share with the person how he or she is coming across. It is also the extent to which the person can perceive verbal and non-verbal feedback in the organisational setting. Another important factor that affects the Johan Window is disclosure.

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This is the extent to which the persons are willing to share with others the data that exists in their organisational milieu. In the process of feedback and disclosures in the system, organisationally relevant data that others are willing to share with the person or the way they think or behave the open self of individuals begins to broaden its horizon. There is also a high probability that something previously unknown to the self and others will begin to surface into the unknown self.

Johari Window advantages and disadvantages

The advantages and disadvantages of the Johari window are as follows:

Advantages of Johari Window Model

Various benefits of Johari window/advantages of Johari Window are as follows.

1) The Johari Window exercise can ensure that multiple perspectives are considered when prioritising the findings of the self-need assessment. 

2) The results of a Johari Window exercise can help to communicate with others when prioritising needs and identifying appropriate interventions.

3) Individuals can use the Johari Window exercise to expand on the finding of the needs assessment to also include information on what preferences differing groups may have on what should be done in response to identified needs.

4) The Johari window can be used as a self-assessment tool to increase individuals’ understanding of themselves. This may be an exploration of the skills they possess or their personal and professional characteristics.

5) As an aid to personal and professional development, the Johari Window encourages reflection – enabling individuals and teams to consider strengths and weaknesses not only from their own point of view but from their managers’, colleagues’ and customers’ perspectives.

6) As well as being used by individuals, the Johari Window can be applied by a group to identify team skills and characteristics.

Limitations of Johari Window

Various limitations/disadvantages of Johari Window are as follows: (Johari Window disadvantages)

1) The Johari Window technique can be more limited than other tools or techniques (e.g., SWOT or brainstorming) for generating ideas about what to do next.

2) No one should feel obliged to reveal anything about them; they do not feel comfortable sharing. Although individuals may be led to believe that self-disclosure is healthy and can lead to increased trust within a group, inappropriate self-disclosure has its dangers. Individuals are often better off not telling others about their innermost personal secrets (or professional disasters). 

3) When encouraging feedback from others, it is important to establish a positive group ethos and to gauge the level of people’s sensitivity. Whereas it can be a great motivator to learn of other people’s positive perceptions of yourself, the discovery of the weaknesses they perceive can have equally negative effects, especially where there is a mismatch between your own view and the view of others. That is not to say that weaknesses are not to be explored but this should be done with sensitivity.

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Related Questions:

1. What are the 4 quadrants of Johari window.

2. Explain the drawbacks of Johari window.

3. Explain in detail Johari window meaning.

4. Explain the johari window benefits.

5. Explain the pros and cons of johari window.

6. Explain the Johari window theory

7. Explain the Johari window drawbacks

8. Explain the role of Johari window in organisational behaviour