Conceptual Foundation of Organisational behaviour – OB
The fundamental concept of organisational behaviour:
Organization Behavior is based on a few organisational behaviour concepts which revolve around the nature of individuals and organizations.
The organisation’s behaviour role is not only concerned with a particular organisation. Organizational behaviour concepts and approaches are concerned with society.
Organizational behaviour begins with a specific set of basic terms that form a strong base for organizational behaviour.
The nature of people and the nature of the organization are used as foundations of organisational behaviour.
The fundamental concept of organisational behaviour and the conceptual foundation of organisational behaviour are as follows:
There are two basic concepts of organisational behaviour, such as
1. The nature of people
2. The nature of an organization
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1) Nature of the People
There are many fundamental concepts of organizational behaviour related to people some of the fundamentals of organisational behaviour are as follows:
i) Individual Differences: Management can motivate the employees of an organization in a better way by understanding that all individuals are different from each other and hence treating every person differently. The Law of individual differences also teaches us that each individual is different and unique.
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ii) Perception: Every person has his viewpoint regarding different objects and people, therefore they see different things in different manners i.e., people may have different viewpoints on the same object. These viewpoints about the objects in an environment can be made clear by correct perception.
iii) Motivation to Employees: If an employee is needed in an organization he feels belonging towards the organization and it motivates him to perform well in the organization. Sometimes, motivation is also necessary to pursue excellence or to improve the quality of work.
iv) Whole Person: While hiring an employee the manager also hires various things that are associated with an employee like his nature, likes, dislikes, perception, behaviour, preferences, background, hobbies, etc. But his personal life cannot be isolated from his professional life. Hence, a manager should try to make the workplace comfortable for him like a home so that the employee could feel good like he is working at his home with ease.
V) Caused Behaviour: Psychology teaches us that normal behaviour has issues related to the need of a person or as a result of certain actions. The management can motivate employees in two different ways. Firstly, by showing them how their actions can raise their needs fulfilled. Secondly, by threatening them that their undesirable action can negatively affect the fulfilment of their needs.
vi) The desire for Involvement: An employee who is purposefully involved in the working of an organization feels good about himself. Management should provide such opportunities to employees as it results in mutual growth of both the employees and the organization.
vii) Human Dignity: Everyone wants to get respect, and dignity and needs to be recognized in their workplace. Respecting the human dignity of an employee means recognizing his presence and relating to him in a way that may enhance his being. Therefore, employees should also be treated with respect in their workplace like managers.
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2) Nature of Organisations
Individual differences, a whole person, caused behaviour and human dignity are practised like people and social systems, mutuality of interests, and holistic concepts are applied like the organization.
There are some fundamental concepts of organizational behaviour concerning the organization are mentioned below:
i) Organisation is a Social System: Social system means an orderly arrangement of components that are interrelated to each other and every part has its fixed role to play. Similarly, an organization’s employees, workers, and managers have definite roles and they all are connected therefore they all are connected directly or indirectly to each other. An organization coordinates the activities of its employees to achieve its goals.
ii) Mutuality of Interest: The relationship between an employee and the organization is complementary to each other. The organization’s goals can only be achieved through both the efforts of an employee and the management, this results in the mutual growth of both the employee and the organization.
iii) Ethics: Organisational ethics involves certain guidelines and principles that govern how an individual should behave in an organization. Ethical conduct is important for an organization to obtain and hold various valuable employees in this competitive environment. Organizations must create an ethical environment for the employees and the people who are directly or indirectly connected to the organization. This may improve the goodwill and trust towards the organization.
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