Conceptual Foundation of Organisational Behaviour OB

Conceptual Foundation of Organisational behaviour

Conceptual Foundation of Organisational Behaviour – OB

The foundation of organisational behaviour refers to the fundamental principles and concepts that form the basis for understanding human behaviour within an organization. It encompasses various factors that influence how individuals and groups behave, interact, and perform in the workplace. Understanding the foundation of organisational behaviour is important for managers to manage and lead their teams effectively. It enhances employee motivation and productivity and creates a positive work environment.

Some key aspects of the foundation of organizational behaviour include motivation, communication, leadership, decision making, group dynamics, and organizational culture. By understanding these foundational elements, organizations can develop strategies to optimize performance and achieve their business goals.

The fundamental concept of organisational behaviour: Organization Behavior is based on a few organisational behaviour concepts which revolve around the nature of individuals and organizations.

The organisation’s behaviour role is not only concerned with a particular organisation. Organizational behaviour concepts and approaches are concerned with society.

Organisational behaviour begins with a specific set of basic terms that form a strong base for organizational behaviour. 

Conceptual Foundation of Organisational behaviour

The fundamental understanding of both human nature and the nature of the organization builds the foundation of organisational behaviour.

The fundamental concept of organisational behaviour and the conceptual foundation of organisational behaviour are as follows:

There are two basic concepts of organisational behaviour, such as

1. The nature of people

2. The nature of an organization

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1) Nature of the People

There are many fundamental concepts of organizational behaviour related to people some of the fundamentals of organisational behaviour are as follows: 

i) Individual Differences

Management can motivate the employees of an organization in a better way by understanding that all individuals are different from each other and hence treating every person differently. The Law of individual differences also teaches us that each individual is different and unique.

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 ii) Perception

Every person has his viewpoint regarding different objects and people, therefore they see different things in different manners i.e., people may have different viewpoints on the same object. These viewpoints about the objects in an environment can be made clear by correct perception.

iii) Motivation to Employees

When an organization needs an employee, it fosters a sense of belonging and motivation in the employee to perform well within the organization. Sometimes, motivation is also necessary to pursue excellence or to improve the quality of work.

iv) Whole Person

While hiring an employee the manager also hires various things that are associated with an employee like his nature, likes, dislikes, perception, behaviour, preferences, background, hobbies, etc. But his personal life cannot be isolated from his professional life. Hence, a manager should try to make the workplace comfortable for him like a home so that the employee could feel good like he is working at his home with ease.

V) Caused Behaviour

Psychology teaches us that normal behaviour has issues related to the need of a person or as a result of certain actions. The management can motivate employees in two different ways. Firstly, by showing them how their actions can raise their needs fulfilled. Secondly, by threatening them that their undesirable action can negatively affect the fulfilment of their needs.

vi) The desire for Involvement

An employee who purposefully involves themselves in the workings of an organization feels good about themselves. Management should provide such opportunities to employees as it results in mutual growth of both the employees and the organization.

vii) Human Dignity

Everyone in their workplace wants to receive respect, dignity, and recognition. Respecting the human dignity of an employee means recognizing his presence and relating to him in a way that may enhance his being. Managers should treat employees with respect in the workplace, mirroring the treatment they expect for themselves.
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2) Nature of Organisations

Individual differences, a whole person, caused behaviour and human dignity are practised like people and social systems, mutuality of interests, and holistic concepts are applied like the organization.

There are some fundamental concepts of organizational behaviour concerning the organization are mentioned below:

i) Organisation is a Social System

Social system means an orderly arrangement of components that are interrelated to each other and every part has its fixed role to play. Similarly, an organization’s employees, workers, and managers have definite roles and they all are connected therefore they all are connected directly or indirectly to each other. An organization coordinates the activities of its employees to achieve its goals.

ii) Mutuality of Interest

The relationship between an employee and the organization is complementary to each other. The organization’s goals can only be achieved through both the efforts of an employee and the management, this results in the mutual growth of both the employee and the organization.

iii) Ethics

Business ethics involves certain guidelines and principles that govern how an individual should behave in an organization. Ethical conduct is important for an organization to obtain and hold various valuable employees in this competitive environment. Organizations must create an ethical environment for the employees and the people who are directly or indirectly connected to the organization. This may improve the goodwill and trust towards the organization. 

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